Linda Arndt ~ Canine Nutritional Consultant

Blackwatch Feed Program for PANO

For a phone consultation with the Great Dane Lady, about your puppy's condition you must set up an appointment 24 hours in advance by calling: 1-765-284-8288 and setting up an appointment in advance.
Fill out this HELP FORM and mail to:

Pano is known as Wandering Lameness or Eosinophilic Panosteitis, and is due to rapid growth.... and it also happens in fast growing children, particularly males. Pano is a self-limiting disease and will have spontaneous recovery in time. If left too long without a change in diet to reduce the pain there will be muscle wasting, something we want to avoid. The age for this condition can be from 6-14 months in large and giant breeds, with most cases seen from 9-12 months. We fix this problem by assessing the feeding program you are currently on, then make recommendations for changes to help the support of your dog's developmental growth. This may involve a change in brand and amount of food and will mean some supplements to rebalance the system so the growth patterns are slow and even.

Pano or Panosteitis is the least threatening of the developmental orthopedic diseases. Pano is due to excessive growth rate which effects the long bones of the legs and often switches legs from day to day. This is from consuming too many calories than is actually needed by the body, or eating a diet with poor quality minerals, a mineral imbalance or lacking micro minerals. We can stop this condition quicker by slowing the growth rate with an appropriate quality food in measured amounts, adding MSM-Nutritioinal Sulfur to the diet to help with malabsorption issues, and Dietary Enzymes to help with inflammation. Please do not use Rimadyl or Deramaxx on this breed. They are fragile enough without compromising their liver functions.

ALERT: An allergic reaction Chephalexin or the Sulfonamide antibiotics is often misdiagnosed as HOD or Pano in young AND adult dogs. True Pano does not happen in dogs after the growth plates are closed at 18 months, but an allergic relation to antibiotics can happen at any stage of the dogs life and mimic of Pano or HOD.

Blackwatch Feed Program PANO

1.DOG FOOD FOR PANO -The food I want you to try and locate for your dog with Pano, is Precise Holistic Complete Large/Giant Breed Puppy Food which is a 23%protein/12% fat. I helped to design this food specifically for slow growth in these big dogs. Then once the dog is past 12 months you can move to any of the other Precise Holistic Complete foods.

You can locate a retailer by going to the Precise website

2. SUPPLEMENT KIT FOR PANO - All Ages & Breeds

The supplement kit your will need for Pano is called CORE 4 Kit #5 and it can be purchased at or you can call in and order it at
1-877-343-2704. They always have customer care to help with questions and they only hire people who are also seasoned dog breeders and exhibitors. They know what it is like to have to deal with dog problems and questions.

3. OPTIONS FOR VARIETY - To add some variety to your dogs life, use a holistic canned food or a dehydrated RAW meat diet because it is balanced in calcium and phosphorus as well as tested for pathogens and parasites, unlike what you get from the store. I like to use Honest Kitchen Dehydrated Raw Foods, this allows me to use a component of raw along with my Precise kibble and it includes fruits, veggies and botanicals. I like the Embark, but they have several others that work (Force, Thrive, Keen, etc). so you can rotate for variety and sounder nutritional practices. If you are into feeding a totally raw diet or raw with your kibble the brand I use and recommend is Darwins - and the ship it right to your door. Again, Please do not feed growing large and giant breeds a totally raw diet until they are past their drastic growth stages - 10 months. 4 lbs of dehydrated raw makes up to 17# of wet food!

Other options, use wholesome human foods such as yogurt, buttermilk, kefir, cottage (not daily), scrambled eggs, berries, melons, peaches, apples, banana, tomato, broccoli, cauliflower, squash, sweet potato (not for dogs with yeast issues), green beans, peas, zucchini are all things your dogs can have with their daily food. Pulverizing veggies helps them to digest it better or lightly steam them is an option. Mine love homemade veggie soup and it's great as a filler for dogs with weight issues. Garlic is ok to use as well as avacado meat (not the skin or pit!!)

Linda's Very Veggie Soup For Variety or Weight Loss - 2 large cans of Organic chicken or beef broth - (low sodium for heart or elderly dogs- or homemade). Add LOTS of veggies - carrots, green beans, wax beans, peas, carrots, kale, zucchini, squash, tomatoes, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and couple cloves of garlic and Celtic Sea Salt (only this type). The idea is to use this as the filler so you want it to be hearty and filling.

Warning: NO raw onions, grapes, raisins, chocolate or macadamia nuts. Keep sugar free gum and candy out of access to your pets because they have Xylotil sweetner in them which can kill your pet.


First Choice Naturals Inc. (

FCN was founded by Dr. Eugene Wagner over 20+ years ago and the only store where you can get all the supplements and Kits the Great Dane Lady has developed or products she uses herself. Now many of the top breeders here and abroad use her supplements and feed programs with tremendous success. Now her feed programs are used world wide so it is important to provide "one stop shopping" breeders, pet owners and her puppy buyers. Her Blackwatch Feed Programs are now are used world wide and FCN ships all all over the world. Call for info if you live overseas and want products shipped or you can email as well.
phone: 1-765-284-8288

CORE 4 Kits for - Puppys and Adults

CORE 4 Kits for Specific Health Issues:
Yeast Infection, Giardia, Seizures, allergies, HOD, OCD, Pano, Wobblers, Dysplasia, Bowing/Knuckling, Cancer, etc.


Precise Pet Foods - What I feed my dogs.

NutriSource - PurVita - Planet Organics Pet Foods - my back up diet

Honest Kitchen Dehydrated Raw

My List of Better Foods

Darwins Raw Diet

Raw Food Options

Diets for Dogs With Specific Health Needs

Let's Talk MORE about Dog Foods .....

Dog Foods - I like to give pet owners a variety of foods on my list of better foods (see above) so you have options to pick from for your pets. I only support the holistically minded "family owned" pet food companies and independant retailers. I do not support the large corporate pet food companies or large corporate retailers due to a "difference in philosophy". I have concerns over the unknown quality of ingredients, qualitiy of premix supplementation (types/levels), manufacturing, consistancy in of sourcing ingredients and unknowns in quality control and safe testing of the foods before market.

I do not recommend homemade diets due to the potential of imbalance, however, I do provide raw options (see above) if one wants to make a balanced homemade diet. There is so much misinformation out there in books and on websites, many of which promote diets that are not balanced, lacking in adequate forms of calcium, and far too time consuming for large or multiple dog owners to attempt to do as a program. There are many good food options today for you to pick from, that it is not necessary to make a totally homemade diet for your pet.

I feed 80% kibble 20 % Honest Kitchen Dehydrated Raw to my adults. Puppies I ease them into the Honest Kitchen as a mixer or gravy for their kibble.


> Holistic Dry Kibble - Meat based w/ quality grains OR Grain Free
> Holistic Dehydrated Diets - Meat based/w quality grain or Grain Free
> Raw Diets - Frozen, Fresh or Flash Frozen, Freeze Dried
> Canned Dog Food - Meat based w/grains OR Grain Free canned meat

I do not have a problem with a meat based diet that uses quality whole grains for their carbohydrate componennt, as long as it is low or no gluten and with fiber intact such as whole brown rice and oats. NO wheat, corn or soy!!

My first recommendation is one of the foods from the Precise or Precise Holistic Complete lineup of foods. All their foods are meat based, with quality, low gluten grains such as oats and brown rice OR their new PHC Grain Free with meat and chickpea which is no gluten, low glycemic index - perfect for dogs with allergies, yeast issues, cancer, well as healthy dogs.

NOTE: As a professional Pet Nutritional Consultant, I have had considerable design input into the design of the Precise Pet Foods and have designed thePrecise Holistic Complete (PHC) Large/Giant Puppy and Adult formulas, the Senior formula and input into the rest in the PHC Wild At Heart - Flight Line Duck/Turkey and Wild at Heart River Line - Salmon. I also managed the year long feed trials on the PHC foods. The Precise Holistic Complete lineup was Awarded Top Pet food for 2010 by Pet Industry Magazine.

For Large & Giant Breed Puppies Use:

Precise Holistic Complete Large/Giant Breed Puppy - 23% protein/12% fat
This food is designed specifically for slow even growth in large and giant breeds. Calcium levels are right at 1.3% (1.2-1.5% best range).
Puppies can stay on this food until 8-12 months of age or longer unless they need more calories to fill out for showing. After 8 months you can move to the PHC Large/Giant Breed Adult formulaand even rotate within the Precise Wild at Heart Line - Duck/Turkey or Salmon.

The Amount to Feed "Chart" For Large/Giant Breeds (print out)

Puppy Guidelines - How to Raise A Puppy - (print out)

Puppy- Demodectic Mange, Vaginitis, Puppy Acne, Bladder Infections

Puppy Hiccups

Importance of a Crate and Crate Training

How To Tape Cropped Ears AND Should I Crop My Puppy

When to Spay and Neuter

Surgery and Anesthesia Info for Giant Breeds

HOD Growth Problems

Knuckling Over/Bowing

For Large & Giant Breed Adults - You have several options:

Precise Holistic Complete Large/Giant Breed Adult -25% protein/15% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Adult Chicken - 24% protein/15% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild At Heart - Salmon --24% protein 14% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild at Heart - Duck/Turkey -24% protein 14% fat

Precise Foundation Formula
24% protein 12% fat- an all life stage formula, which supports growth. This is often used by large kennels or multiple pet family.

Precise Endurence Formula 30% protein 20% fat - real working or training also good for repair and getting ready for showing after a bitch has been in season.

Precise Competition Formula 27% protein 17% fat - great for pregnancy, showing, agility, rally, obedience etc.

Precise Holistic Complete - Senior - All Breeds -26% protein 11% fat - they maintain muscle mass, feel good, want to play and exercise yet the fat content is lower so they can loose weight but not coat.

These are all life stage formulas so they will support growth and elderly dogs with adequate calcium levels. They also support pregnancy and lactation.
See Feed Program for Pregnant bitches

For Small/Medium Breeds:

Precise Holistic Complete Sm/Med Puppy - 32% protein - 20% fat
Precise Holistic Complete Sm/Med Adult -
27% protein - 17% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild At Heart - Salmon --24% protein 14% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild at Heart - Duck/Turkey -24% protein 14% fat

Precise Endurence Formula 30% protein 20% fat - real working or training also good for repair and getting ready for showing after a bitch has been in season.

Precise Competition Formula 27% protein 17% fat - great for pregnancy, showing, agility, rally, obedience etc.

Precise Holistic Complete - Grain Free Pork/Chickpea 26% proetin 16% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Grain Free Lamb/Turkey/Chickpea 27 % protein 17% fat - both these foods are "all life stages foods".

tThese are all life stage formulas so they will support growth and elderly dogs with adequate calcium levels. They also support pregnancy and lactation

Precise Holistic Complete - Senior - All Breeds -26% protein 10% fat - they maintain muscle mass, feel good, want to play and exercise yet the fat content is lower so they can loose weight but not coat.

Common Sense Feeding Information

Do not add hot water and soak your kibble, or let it set to soften, or put into microwave. This will destroy the integrity of the nutrients and probiotics that are sprayed on the outside of the dog food. If you are weaning, feeding sick or elderly dogs or dogs with no teeth, you are best to put the kibble in a blender and get a powder, then mix liquid water with it for a porriage consistancy then serve.

I feed my adults 2 times a day, puppies 3-4 times depending on age and by 16 weeks they should be on 2 times a day feedings.

I use filtered water on each dogs food, for large dogs 1/3- 1/2 cup of water with 3-4 tablespoons of holistic Precise canned meat or Honest Kitchen Dehydrated raw. You want the food moist, but not floating and sloppy (this is for large/giant breeds, reduce amount for smaller breeds accordingly). Do not microwave, soak or use hot or very warm water on your kibble. It will destroy the integrity of the friendly yogurt type cultures and the fragile vitamins/minerals and amino acids on the food.

    Commercial foods need to be fed with moisture so dogs don't over consume water after a meal, and so the kibble does not pull moisture from the dogs system in order to break down properly. Use "tepid" temperature water never hot or warm and never soak your food as it breaks down and destroys nutrients. Mix up and feed immediately. If they have loose stools, you may be using too much meat or water than necessary. Adjust that before you panic and think they are sick.

Drinking Water:
It is very important to NEVER withhold water from your dog. This can lead to over consumption and bladder infections. Use common sense, do not let them drink excessively after exercise or dinner. Like a horse, let them cool down and then drink. I have found if I have water available in several places, they never overdo it since they know it is available to them when they need it. That way they drink less amounts of water, but more frequently.

Withholding water for fear of bloat is a myth. Stress is the cause and bloat/torsion is the response. It is much more complicated that simply saying water is the cause of bloat.

Dogs with special dietary needs can use one of the Special CORE 4 Kits or have a program specifically designed for your pets.

(See my article on Bloat and Torsion for details)
(See On My Soapbox)


Heart Problems:
If you own a giant breed or one prone to heart problems it is recommended that you use the highest quality protein food and supplement with these components. These are nutritional substances from food sources and do not conflict with medications or each other and are good to use for heart disease.
FeedProgram for Heart Support


Support Information - Required Reading

Read this: Does My Vet Understand Nutrition?


There are several articles and photos of vaccine reactions at this website. You need to know how to prevent vaccine reactions, because vaccine reactions in some breeds will kill your dog in a slow agonizing death known as Immune Mediated Response, which is always misdiagnosed as HOD. So, here is info:

Prevention of Vaccine Reactions

The AAHA recommended schedule for vaccination

Dr. Jean Dodd's Vaccine Protocols

Vaccine Reaction Photographs

Special Alert - Antibiotic Reactions in Great Danes and Other Breeds.

Sulfonamide Antibiotics
Based on information gained from the National Bone Survey, I do not recommend using Sulfonamide* antibiotics to my puppy buyers because these drugs can cause serious side-effects like sloughing of skin and internal bleeding and HOD-like symptoms including;fever, aching joints, swollen joints, lack of mobility, depression and anorexia. The following antibiotics are sulfonamides.

  • Ditrim
  • Primor
  • Tribrissin
  • Bactrim
  • TMZ

Another commonly used, potentially troublesome antibiotics is Cephalexin (Keflex, Cefa-Tabs). This can also produces the same symptoms as HOD (fever,swollen/hot joints, immobility, anorexia) even in adult dogs. I will use Chephalexin, but with a watchful eye and if the dog starts acting lethargic and achy, we stop the antibiotic, since they are sensitive to it. Call the vet for an alternative antibiotic and make sure you are using a good Probiotic product to keep the digestive tract functioning properly.

I will not use Sulfonamides drugs on my dogs. A reaction can happen from 24 hours - 2 weeks of being on an antibiotic. If there is a reaction, my vet recommends Dexamethsone/Azium and discontinue use or antibiotic.

* Research references on Sulfonamides

Special Alert - Other Breeds:

For Collie/Sheltie/Aussie and Sighthound Owners (could effect some Great Danes)

For those people who own Collies, Shelties, Sighthounds, Aussies, Border Collies, any breeds with Collie background or mixed breeds with any of these dogs in them, it is critical that you know there are certain medications your dogs CAN'T take. Do not leave it up to your vet to know this..YOU must print this out and know it - it is a matter of life or death.

These dogs have a sensitivity to Ivermectin (Heartguard Heartworm medication. Only use Interceptor heart worm preventative. Other related drugs you can not use on these breeds or there will be neurological damage.
Other related drugs you can NOT use:

Metronidazole (which is used for diarrhea and giardia)

Ivermectin - Heart Guard

There are many different types of drugs that have been reported to cause problems in Collies, ranging from over-the-counter antidiarrheal agents like Imodium® to antiparasitic and chemotherapy agents. It is likely this list will grow to include more drugs as our research progresses.

Drugs that have been documented, or are strongly suspected to cause problems in dogs with the MDR1 mutation:

Ivermectin (antiparasitic agent)
Loperamide (Imodium®; over-the-counter antidiarrheal agent)
Doxorubicin (anticancer agent)
Vincristine (anticancer agent)
Vinblastine (anticancer agent)
Cyclosporin (immunosuppressive agent)
Digoxin (heart drug)
Acepromazine (tranquilizer)
Butorphanol (pain control)
Potential Problem Drugs

The following drugs may potentially cause problems when given to dogs that have the mutation. Biochemical studies have shown that this gene has the potential to act on over 50 different drugs.



Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory
PO Box 2280
Pullman, WA 99165-2280
(Phone/FAX 509-335-3745)

Additional Support For The Adult Dog:

Go here for Spay and Neuter information
Go here for leaky bladder information
Go here for anal gland problems



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