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Linda Arndt ~ Canine Nutritional Consultant
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Feed Program for Large Breeds Puppies

A Word About Growth In Large/Giant Breed Puppies

I have found over that past 20 years, feeding the Blackwatch Feed Program for Puppies, that our Great Danes grow at a more appropriate rate and they are often less than 30 and 28 inches at the shoulder at 6 months of age.

This has never been a problem for us, in the long run, because they reach their genetic potential at a slower and even growth rate. This "even growth" provides the muscle development to support the bone mass of the animal making them more sound and agile. Since bone cancer, specifically in the joints, is one of the top killers in this breed, it is my opinion that slow, even growth is critical to potentially avoiding any orthopedic disease or cancer problems down the road.

So the moral is: Pet puppy owners - BE PATIENT and stop measuring and guessing how big your dog will be when grown. You can’t force an acorn to be an oak tree over night. For show people, let them be puppies first, you can finish them when the time is right - focus on training, manners and socialization.

To show you that size is not determined by how tall they are at 6 months of age, take a look at our 2002 National Specialty Winners - Winners Dog and Winners Bitch and Best in Furturity now (37" and 35") and neither of them came up to the height standard of 30 and 28 inches at 6 months of age as recommended in the Great Dane Standard.


IMPORTANT INFO:

YOUR PUPPY SHOULD NOT BE KEPT ON CONCRETE, TILE OR WOOD FLOORS WHERE THERE IS NO SURFACE FOR THEM TO GRIP WITH THEIR TOES AND USE THEIR MUSCLES, LIGAMENTS AND TENDONS PROPERLY.

SLICK SURFACES CONTRIBUTE TO BOWING IN AND KNUCKLING OVER. PUT DOWN RUBBER BACKED THROW RUGS (NO FRINGE AND NO CONTINUOUS LOOP (in case they chew it- you do not want them to get it twisted in thier intestines!!) BUT YOU CAN WASH THEM, YET THE DOGS HAVE A SURFACE TO WALK ON FOR PROPER DEVELOPMENT!


For a phone consultation with the Great Dane Lady, you must set up an appointment 24 hours in advance by calling: 1-877-343-0724 and setting up an appointment in advance.
Fill out this HELP FORM and mail to: 1stchoicenaturals@comcast.net


Introduction: The Blackwatch Feed Program Concept

The Blackwatch Feed Programs for all breeds, ages and sizes have been used by top breeders and owners here and abroad for over 40 years. The basis for these programs revolves around my CORE 4 Philosophy of Wellness, which I have written and lectured about for many years. Time has shown us that this concept of feeding our pets works because it promotes wellness and longevity in all breeds. The nutritional products I use or suggest, are either of my own nutritional design, or products I use for my own animals. I try not to recommend companies that are unethical in their business practices, and only support the smaller family owned retailers and manufacturers where quality means something because their name is on the label and reputation is on the line.
The information at this website is not to be used in lieu of veterinarian advice, diagnoses or treatment.


Blackwatch Feed Program Basics - All Breeds & Sizes

1.DOG FOODS - I will provide you with a list of approved foods in the following catagories: holistic dry, holistic grain free, dehydrated and raw foods, so you have options to pick from for your dogs. My preference is something from the Precise pet foods. You can locate a retailer by going to the Precise website www.precisepet.com

I do not recommend as a complete diet for your puppy, any grain free or raw diets, regardless of brand, for large breed growth. Not until they are 8-10 months old or 3/4 of their normal size, just to be on the safe side. No feed trials have been done on large/giant breeds on the grain free or raw diets to date, so I will not recommend them.

We KNOW we can raise them on a
quality holistic kibble with a 10% raw component, if you wish, and have no problems, but not a totally raw or grain free diet, please!!

Now let's talk about the important of 4 nutrients in the form of my CORE 4 Kits for Wellness. These supplements not only promote life long wellness but the boost immune function and give your dog that added back up insurance for serious health issues. All dogs are different and genetics comes into play but at this point 40 yrs in dogs, I have never lost one to cancer and I have owned other breeds besides Great Danes.


2. BLACKWATCH CORE 4 SUPPLEMENT KITS - All Size/Ages & Breeds

There are several CORE 4 Supplement Kits to choose from for your puppy or adult or depending on your pet's special needs. These kits are based on my CORE 4 Philosophy of Wellness. If you have problems making a decision on which one works or fits your lifestyle and budget call 1-877-343-0724.

Regardless of which BLACKWATCH CORE 4 Kit you choose, and there are several that are suitable, all my kits contain 4 important nutrients missing or not viable in most commercial foods. Since 75-80% the immune system is located in the gut, it is critical to keep the digestive tract of the dog working properly by giving additional beneficial bacteria
(probiotics) that I know works on a daily basis.

And feeding digestive enzymes daily which takes the load off the pancreas, helping to prevent diabetes later in life. Digestive enzymes are normally made by the body, provided the dog/cat/human has accesss to fresh whole real foods. But most do not so this is why supplementing them is so important to wellness and hopefully to extending longevity.

Next we must add real sprouted whole foods in the form of dietary enzymes (not digestive enzymes) which provides "living food" to your pet in a simple granular powder or chewable pet treat. The results is a reduction in inflammation and a cleansing of any toxins down to a cellular level, plus I have found helps to prevent vaccine reactions. Is your pet on heartworm or flea preparation? As long as they are on Dietary Enzymes, their body will be detoxified from toxins, drugs and medications.
So it is important that we add these dietary enzymes back into our pets and our own diets. They are anti-aging and very helpful when going through stress or serious disease like cancer.

MAINTENANCE LEVEL CORE 4 KITS:

There are several CORE 4 Kits and they are life long programs maintenance programs for your pet wellnes and longevity. Every single day of my pet's life, they are given these 4 components to try and avoid debilitating diseases in the future. Nothing in life is a guarantee, but I have feed enough dogs in 40 years to know that these supplements do work and they have tremendous value for extending life. If you are not needing a specific kit for a particular health issue, (cancer, diabetes etc), there are numerous maintenance level CORE 4 Kits to choose from to fill the needs for your pet. Here is a list of those kits


3. FOOD OPTIONS FOR VARIETY - To add some variety to your dogs life, use a holistic canned food or a dehydrated RAW meat diet because it is balanced in calcium and phosphorus as well as tested for pathogens and parasites, unlike what you get from the store. I like to use Honest Kitchen Dehydrated Raw Foods, this allows me to use a component of raw along with my Precise kibble and it includes fruits, veggies and botanicals. I like the Embark, but they have several others that work (Force, Thrive, Keen, etc). so you can rotate for variety and sounder nutritional practices. If you are into feeding a totally raw diet or raw with your kibble the brand I use and recommend is Darwins - and the ship it right to your door. Again, Please do not feed growing large and giant breeds a totally raw diet until they are past their drastic growth stages - 10 months. 4 lbs of dehydrated raw makes up to 17# of wet food!

Other options, use wholesome human foods such as yogurt, buttermilk, kefir, cottage (not daily), scrambled eggs, berries, melons, peaches, apples, banana, tomato, broccoli, cauliflower, squash, sweet potato (not for dogs with yeast issues), green beans, peas, zucchini are all things your dogs can have with their daily food. Pulverizing veggies helps them to digest it better or lightly steam them is an option. Mine love homemade veggie soup and it's great as a filler for dogs with weight issues. Garlic is ok to use as well as avacado meat (not the skin or pit!!)

Linda's Very Veggie Soup For Variety or Weight Loss - 2 large cans of Organic chicken or beef broth - (low sodium for heart or elderly dogs- or homemade). Add LOTS of veggies - carrots, green beans, wax beans, peas, carrots, kale, zucchini, squash, tomatoes, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and couple cloves of garlic and Celtic Sea Salt (only this type). The idea is to use this as the filler so you want it to be hearty and filling.

Warning: NO raw onions, grapes, raisins, chocolate or macadamia nuts. Keep sugar free gum and candy out of access to your pets because they have Xylotil sweetner in them which can kill your pet.


WHERE TO BUY THE CORE 4 KITS.

First Choice Naturals Inc. (www.firstchoicenaturals.com)

FCN was founded by Dr. Eugene Wagner over 20+ years ago and the only store where you can get all the supplements and Kits the Great Dane Lady has developed or products she uses herself. Now many of the top breeders here and abroad use her supplements and feed programs with tremendous success. Now her feed programs are used world wide so it is important to provide "one stop shopping" breeders, pet owners and her puppy buyers. Her Blackwatch Feed Programs are now are used world wide and FCN ships all all over the world. Call for info if you live overseas and want products shipped or you can email as well.
phone: 1-877-343-0724
email: 1stchoicenaturals@comcast.net

CORE 4 Kits for - Puppys and Adults

CORE 4 Kits for Specific Health Issues:
Yeast Infection, Giardia, Seizures, allergies, HOD, OCD, Pano, Wobblers, Dysplasia, Bowing/Knuckling, Cancer, etc.



LINKS TO HELP YOU LOCATE FOOD:

Precise Pet Foods - What I feed my dogs.

NutriSource - PurVita - Planet Organics Pet Foods - my back up diet

My List of Better Foods

Darwins Raw Diet

Raw Food Options

Diets for Dogs With Specific Health Needs


Let's Talk MORE about Dog Foods .....


Dog Foods - I like to give pet owners a variety of foods on my list of better foods (see above) so you have options to pick from for your pets. I only support the holistically minded "family owned" pet food companies and independant retailers. I do not support the large corporate pet food companies or large corporate retailers due to a "difference in philosophy". I have concerns over the unknown quality of ingredients, qualitiy of premix supplementation (types/levels), manufacturing, consistancy in of sourcing ingredients and unknowns in quality control and safe testing of the foods before market.

I do not recommend homemade diets due to the potential of imbalance, however, I do provide raw options (see above) if one wants to make a balanced homemade diet. There is so much misinformation out there in books and on websites, many of which promote diets that are not balanced, lacking in adequate forms of calcium, and far too time consuming for large or multiple dog owners to attempt to do as a program. There are many good food options today for you to pick from, that it is not necessary to make a totally homemade diet for your pet.

I feed 80% - 90% Precise kibble and 10%-20 % of Honest Kitchen Dehydrated Raw to my adults. Puppies I ease them into the Honest Kitchen as a mixer or gravy for their kibble.

TYPES OF DIETS I APPROVE FOR MY PUPPY BUYERS:

> Holistic Dry Kibble - Meat based w/ quality grains OR Grain Free
> Holistic Dehydrated Diets - Meat based/w quality grain or Grain Free
> Raw Diets - Frozen, Fresh or Flash Frozen, Freeze Dried
> Canned Dog Food - Meat based w/grains OR Grain Free canned meat

I do not have a problem with a meat based diet that uses quality whole grains for their carbohydrate componennt, as long as it is low or no gluten and with fiber intact such as whole brown rice and oats. NO wheat, corn or soy!!

My first recommendation is one of the foods from the Precise or Precise Holistic Complete lineup of foods. All their foods are meat based, with quality, low gluten grains such as oats and brown rice OR their new PHC Grain Free with meat and chickpea which is no gluten, low glycemic index - perfect for dogs with allergies, yeast issues, cancer, diabetes...as well as healthy dogs.

NOTE: As a professional Pet Nutritional Consultant, I have had considerable design input into the design of the Precise Pet Foods and have designed thePrecise Holistic Complete (PHC) Large/Giant Puppy and Adult formulas, the Senior formula and input into the rest in the PHC Wild At Heart - Flight Line Duck/Turkey and Wild at Heart River Line - Salmon. I also managed the year long feed trials on the PHC foods. The Precise Holistic Complete lineup was Awarded Top Pet food for 2010 by Pet Industry Magazine.


For Large & Giant Breed Puppies Use:

Precise Holistic Complete Large/Giant Breed Puppy - 23% protein/12% fat
This food is designed specifically for slow even growth in large and giant breeds. Calcium levels are right at 1.3% (1.2-1.5% best range).
Puppies can stay on this food until 8-12 months of age or longer unless they need more calories to fill out for showing. After 8 months you can move to the PHC Large/Giant Breed Adult formulaand even rotate within the Precise Wild at Heart Line - Duck/Turkey or Salmon.

The Amount to Feed "Chart" For Large/Giant Breeds (print out)

Puppy Guidelines - How to Raise A Puppy - (print out)

Puppy- Demodectic Mange, Vaginitis, Puppy Acne, Bladder Infections

Puppy Hiccups

Importance of a Crate and Crate Training

How To Tape Cropped Ears AND Should I Crop My Puppy

When to Spay and Neuter

Surgery and Anesthesia Info for Giant Breeds


HOD Growth Problems

Knuckling Over/Bowing


For Large & Giant Breed Adults - You have several options:

Precise Holistic Complete Large/Giant Breed Adult -25% protein/15% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Adult Chicken - 24% protein/15% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild At Heart - Salmon --24% protein 14% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild at Heart - Duck/Turkey -24% protein 14% fat

Precise Foundation Formula
24% protein 12% fat- an all life stage formula, which supports growth. This is often used by large kennels or multiple pet family.

Precise Endurence Formula 30% protein 20% fat - real working or training also good for repair and getting ready for showing after a bitch has been in season.

Precise Competition Formula 27% protein 17% fat - great for pregnancy, showing, agility, rally, obedience etc.

Precise Holistic Complete - Senior - All Breeds -26% protein 11% fat - they maintain muscle mass, feel good, want to play and exercise yet the fat content is lower so they can loose weight but not coat.

These are all life stage formulas so they will support growth and elderly dogs with adequate calcium levels. They also support pregnancy and lactation.
See Feed Program for Pregnant bitches


For Small/Medium Breeds:

Precise Holistic Complete Sm/Med Puppy - 32% protein - 20% fat
Precise Holistic Complete Sm/Med Adult -
27% protein - 17% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild At Heart - Salmon --24% protein 14% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Wild at Heart - Duck/Turkey -24% protein 14% fat

Precise Endurence Formula 30% protein 20% fat - real working or training also good for repair and getting ready for showing after a bitch has been in season.

Precise Competition Formula 27% protein 17% fat - great for pregnancy, showing, agility, rally, obedience etc.

Precise Holistic Complete - Grain Free Pork/Chickpea 26% proetin 16% fat
Precise Holistic Complete - Grain Free Lamb/Turkey/Chickpea 27 % protein 17% fat - both these foods are "all life stages foods".

tThese are all life stage formulas so they will support growth and elderly dogs with adequate calcium levels. They also support pregnancy and lactation

Precise Holistic Complete - Senior - All Breeds -26% protein 10% fat - they maintain muscle mass, feel good, want to play and exercise yet the fat content is lower so they can loose weight but not coat.


A Word About All Senior Breeds

Researh show that senior dogs, just like senior people actually have higher nutritional requirements than regular adult dogs. Puppies under 8 weeks and Seniors need more of several vitamin and minerals but more importantly they need more protein. Most senior diets are low in protein and very low in fat which makes for lost muscle mass (remember the heart is a muscle), and their rear ends break down and they can't get up and move. If a senior dog has been on a good holistic food an one of my CORE 4 Kits through out their life, they often do nneed a joint supplement especially the medium sized breeds. Low fat in the form of Omega 3's causes less the brain to be slower in response and can cause pet depression or anxiety. What we want in a senior diet for anything 10 lbs - 200 lbs is a MODERATE PROTEIN 24-26% AND A MODERATE FAT 11-14% if we go below 10% the coats really suffer too. I designed the first nutritionally correct senior pet food Eagle Pack Senior (when it was owned by the Cocoqut Family) and the new and award winning Precise Holistic Complete Senior Dog Food, the first on the market with the correct protein and fat needs to keep old dogs vital, lean and living longer.


A Word About Toy Breeds

Toy breeds are like hummingbirds in the way in which they burn energy. Unlike the big dogs that should not be feed a high protein/high fat, calorie dense diet, most Toy breeds burn up energy very quickly. In order to keep their blood glucose regulated properly, they need a calorie dense diet, and they generally need to have food available all the time - if they are prone to a drop in blood glucose levels.

Seizures Help


Common Sense Feeding Information

Do not add hot water and soak your kibble, or let it set to soften, or put into microwave. This will destroy the integrity of the nutrients and probiotics that are sprayed on the outside of the dog food. If you are weaning, feeding sick or elderly dogs or dogs with no teeth, you are best to put the kibble in a blender and get a powder, then mix liquid water with it for a porriage consistancy then serve.

I feed my adults 2 times a day, puppies 3-4 times depending on age and by 16 weeks they should be on 2 times a day feedings.

I use filtered water on each dogs food, for large dogs 1/3- 1/2 cup of water with 3-4 tablespoons of holistic Precise canned meat or Honest Kitchen Dehydrated raw. You want the food moist, but not floating and sloppy (this is for large/giant breeds, reduce amount for smaller breeds accordingly). Do not microwave, soak or use hot or very warm water on your kibble. It will destroy the integrity of the friendly yogurt type cultures and the fragile vitamins/minerals and amino acids on the food.

    Commercial foods need to be fed with moisture so dogs don't over consume water after a meal, and so the kibble does not pull moisture from the dogs system in order to break down properly. Use "tepid" temperature water never hot or warm and never soak your food as it breaks down and destroys nutrients. Mix up and feed immediately. If they have loose stools, you may be using too much meat or water than necessary. Adjust that before you panic and think they are sick.

Drinking Water:
It is very important to NEVER withhold water from your dog. This can lead to over consumption and bladder infections. Use common sense, do not let them drink excessively after exercise or dinner. Like a horse, let them cool down and then drink. I have found if I have water available in several places, they never overdo it since they know it is available to them when they need it. That way they drink less amounts of water, but more frequently.

Withholding water for fear of bloat is a myth. Stress is the cause and bloat/torsion is the response. It is much more complicated that simply saying water is the cause of bloat.

Dogs with special dietary needs can use one of the Special CORE 4 Kits or have a program specifically designed for your pets.

(See my article on Bloat and Torsion for details)
(See On My Soapbox)

 


Heart Problems:
If you own a giant breed or one prone to heart problems it is recommended that you use the highest quality protein food and supplement with these components. These are nutritional substances from food sources and do not conflict with medications or each other and are good to use for heart disease.
FeedProgram for Heart Support

 


Support Information - Required Reading

Read this: Does My Vet Understand Nutrition?

Vaccines

There are several articles and photos of vaccine reactions at this website. You need to know how to prevent vaccine reactions, because vaccine reactions in some breeds will kill your dog in a slow agonizing death known as Immune Mediated Response, which is always misdiagnosed as HOD. So, here is info:

Prevention of Vaccine Reactions

The AAHA recommended schedule for vaccination

Dr. Jean Dodd's Vaccine Protocols

Vaccine Reaction Photographs


Special Alert - Antibiotic Reactions in Great Danes and Other Breeds.

Sulfonamide Antibiotics
Based on information gained from the National Bone Survey, I do not recommend using Sulfonamide* antibiotics to my puppy buyers because these drugs can cause serious side-effects like sloughing of skin and internal bleeding and HOD-like symptoms including;fever, aching joints, swollen joints, lack of mobility, depression and anorexia. The following antibiotics are sulfonamides.

  • Ditrim
  • Primor
  • Tribrissin
  • Bactrim
  • TMZ
  • TMP/SDZ

Another commonly used, potentially troublesome antibiotics is Cephalexin (Keflex, Cefa-Tabs). This can also produces the same symptoms as HOD (fever,swollen/hot joints, immobility, anorexia) even in adult dogs. I will use Chephalexin, but with a watchful eye and if the dog starts acting lethargic and achy, we stop the antibiotic, since they are sensitive to it. Call the vet for an alternative antibiotic and make sure you are using a good Probiotic product to keep the digestive tract functioning properly.

I will not use Sulfonamides drugs on my dogs. A reaction can happen from 24 hours - 2 weeks of being on an antibiotic. If there is a reaction, my vet recommends Dexamethsone/Azium and discontinue use or antibiotic.

* Research references on Sulfonamides


Special Alert - Other Breeds:

For Collie/Sheltie/Aussie and Sighthound Owners (could effect some Great Danes)

For those people who own Collies, Shelties, Sighthounds, Aussies, Border Collies, any breeds with Collie background or mixed breeds with any of these dogs in them, it is critical that you know there are certain medications your dogs CAN'T take. Do not leave it up to your vet to know this..YOU must print this out and know it - it is a matter of life or death.

These dogs have a sensitivity to Ivermectin (Heartguard Heartworm medication. Only use Interceptor heart worm preventative. Other related drugs you can not use on these breeds or there will be neurological damage.
Other related drugs you can NOT use:

Metronidazole (which is used for diarrhea and giardia)
Flagyl

Torbutol
Butorphanol
Morphine
Acepromazine
Ivermectin - Heart Guard

There are many different types of drugs that have been reported to cause problems in Collies, ranging from over-the-counter antidiarrheal agents like Imodium® to antiparasitic and chemotherapy agents. It is likely this list will grow to include more drugs as our research progresses.

Drugs that have been documented, or are strongly suspected to cause problems in dogs with the MDR1 mutation:

Ivermectin (antiparasitic agent)
Loperamide (Imodium®; over-the-counter antidiarrheal agent)
Doxorubicin (anticancer agent)
Vincristine (anticancer agent)
Vinblastine (anticancer agent)
Cyclosporin (immunosuppressive agent)
Digoxin (heart drug)
Acepromazine (tranquilizer)
Butorphanol (pain control)
Potential Problem Drugs

The following drugs may potentially cause problems when given to dogs that have the mutation. Biochemical studies have shown that this gene has the potential to act on over 50 different drugs.

Ondansetron
Domperidone
Paclitaxel
Mitoxantrone
Etoposide
Rifampicin
Quinidine

Morphine

Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory
PO Box 2280
Pullman, WA 99165-2280
(Phone/FAX 509-335-3745)
VCPL@vetmed.wsu.edu

http://www.vetmed.wsu.edu/depts-VCPL/

Additional Support For The Adult Dog:

Go here for Spay and Neuter information
Go here for leaky bladder information
Go here for anal gland problems

 

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